How are brain diseases treated?
Beyond prevention, treatment varies with the kind of disorder. Some disorders can be cured (for example, taking an antibiotic for meningitis or removing a tumor). Others can be treated, but not cured (such as taking medications to control the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease or to prevent seizures). Others must be accommodated to (such as using a cane or walker to cope with some balance disorders).
Treatments your healthcare provider may use include:
- Counseling and cognitive behavior therapy to manage mental health concerns and provide emotional support.
- Diet, exercise and stress management to improve symptoms of some conditions such as Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis, and prevent recurrence of stroke.
- Medications to treat the disease and manage symptoms.
- Minimally invasive endovascular surgery to repair a burst blood vessel.
- Physical, occupational or speech therapy to regain lost abilities.
- Rest to help your brain heal.
- Surgery to stop internal bleeding, remove a brain tumor or prevent epileptic seizures.