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As patients grow older, they may face health and quality of life issues, such as urinary and bowel incontinence. They may experience problems with the appearance and function of their genital organs and fertility.

Depending on their type and severity, malformations of the urinary tract can result in frequent urinary tract infections and damage to the bladder, kidneys, and/or ureters. If there is severe damage to the kidneys, renal failure may occur. A patient may have to undergo dialysis treatments to filter the blood, or a kidney transplant may be necessary in some cases.

Urologic congenital anomalies may also result in social and psychological problems. Services are available to help provide support and make the transition to adolescence and adulthood less stressful.

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