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There are certain risk factors related to shoulder dystocia (a baby’s shoulder being stuck inside the mother’s pelvis, which is related to Erb’s palsy). These factors include:

  • High infant birth weight and/or a gestational parent with overweight/obesity.
  • Diabetes in the gestational parent (either diabetes that was there before pregnancy or gestational diabetes).
  • A previous pregnancy involving shoulder dystocia.
  • Being pregnant with more than one baby.
  • Getting medications like oxytocin or an epidural during labor.
  • Breech birth position (your baby isn’t head-first in the birth canal).


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