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If a biopsy has confirmed that there are cancer cells within the breast, treatment for DCIS includes:

Lumpectomy with radiation after surgery: This is the most common treatment for DCIS. A lumpectomy is surgery that removes all of the DCIS along with a bit of the surrounding healthy breast tissue that borders the cancer growth. This is to make sure that all of the abnormal cancer cells have been removed. With a lumpectomy, the surgeon will leave the majority of the breast intact. The amount of tissue removed depends on the size and location of the DCIS.

Radiation therapya common cancer treatment, is a process that typically follows a lumpectomy. It is usually combined with surgery to make sure that all abnormal cells are gone. This treatment also reduces the risk of the cancer coming back.

MastectomyThis surgery removes the entire breast and is recommended if the DCIS is found in a large area or seen throughout the breast. No radiation therapy follows a mastectomy.

Chemotherapy, or medicine that is used to kill cancer cells throughout the body, is usually not needed to treat DCIS.

Each individual case is different. The patient and doctor will decide what treatment is best for the situation.

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