To understand why the movement of tectonic plates can cause the extinction of species, we have to consider some questions:
The outermost layer of the Earth is called the lithosphere and is made up of a series of fragments called tectonic plates .
The plates are rigid and are in constant movement, being able to collide with each other causing seismic movements, folding of the earth's crust, ocean currents, volcanic eruptions and other phenomena.
Due to the movement of tectonic plates, the continents are constantly moving.
The entire climate of the planet is affected by these movements.
440 million years ago there was a massive extinction in which about 75% of the species that populated our planet at that time disappeared. It is postulated that the cause was a great glaciation caused by the southern movement of the Gondwana supercontinent.